What is meant by autism spectrum?
Symptoms and behaviors of autism can present themselves in a variety of combinations from mild to severe. Children and adults with autism process and respond to information in unique ways. They typically have difficulties with verbal and nonverbal communication, social interactions and leisure or play activities. Aggressive or self-injurious behavior may also be present.
What are the early signs of autism?
- Lack of pointing
- No response to name
- Lack of pretend play
- Lack of imitation skills
- Delayed expressive language skills
- Lack of eye contact
How young can a child be to receive a diagnosis of autism?
A child can be diagnosed with autism as young as 12-18 months.
What causes autism?
There is no known cause of autism. Research has indicated that it may be caused by abnormalities of brain function or structure, genetic links, and environmental factors.
Is there a cure?
There is no known cure for autism.
Is autism treatable?
Autism is treatable. Applying best practices in evidence-based treatments such as ABA (Applied Behavior Analysis) outcomes for individuals with autism have been greatly improved.
Why is the incidence of autism increasing?
- Broadening of diagnosis
- Increased awareness
- Better diagnosis
- Diagnostic substitution